Lifestyle of people today is way different than our elders used to follow. Food habits, nutritional choices, way of living life has been changed and so the importance of physiotherapy in the medical field. Physiotherapy helps restore the body movements and function when one is affected by injuries, illnesses or any severe disabilities. The physiotherapists help people of all the ages, helping patients to manage severe pain and also helps into preventing the deadly injuries. Physiotherapy profession helps to encourage and facilitates development and recovery, enabling people to stay in work.
People may come to see a physiotherapist for variety of reasons, low back pain, knee dislocations, shoulder injuries, fractures, ligament and tendon issues which they must have caused during hectic workouts or while playing sports. Youth today do gyming, and are very cautious about their aesthetics. The very common injuries seen while working out in gym or playing sports are muscle pull, ligament tears, slip disc, ball socket injuries. To cure these injuries one will need medications as well as physiotherapy assistance. The key role of a physiotherapist is to investigate, so that they can make a treatment plan which will normally include passive modalities like ice, heat, laser treatments and electrical stimulations to name few of them. There are several techniques which a physiotherapists use to cure patients.
Manual Therapy – Manual therapy can be used in all part of injuries. The hands on approach factor separates physical therapists from other health experts. This therapy usually employ common tactics like stretching, massage to train the body into proper mechanics and movements. Experts say that manual therapy should be the backbone of any treatment plan.
Theraband Exercises – This band is a versatile type of equipment available to help with any injury strengthening and rehabilitation program. These exercises improves your muscular endurance and strengths, it enhances your aesthetic appeal by improving your posture, balance, body co-ordination etc. You can consult your physiotherapist before performing your exercises. Shoulder extension, knee and hamstring flexion can be performed using theraband.
Ice – This treatment will be best for Injuries involving inflammation and Swelling. Ice plays a extreme vital role in the physiotherapy treatment. Ice is an effective way to reduce and prevent inflammation immediately following an injury. Cold therapy can also leave the joint more mobile can enhance manual therapy. Applying cold therapy to inflamed areas has been shown to significantly reduce swelling in soft tissue injuries.
Heat – Heat techniques can be used best for the injuries involving muscular spasms and tightness. Heat application decreases the pain and increase mobility in mainly those involving soft tissues like ligaments, tendons and muscles. Heat treatments makes tissues more pliable. This treatment can support the treatment plan, but this cannot be the mainstream treatment.
Ultrasound – This treatment is the best for the connective tissue injuries. By using sound weaves (not heard by the human ear) generates heat deep inside the body. Ultra Sound has also been shown to increase ligaments and tendons healing. In this treatment the wand is used to apply the sound weaves directly on your skin.
Low Level Laser – This technique is useful in treating muscular or connective tissue injuries. This therapy uses specific wavelengths of light to stimulate healing. It helps in reducing inflammation, muscle fatigue and pain. LASER stands for ‘Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.’ It is basically red infrared light on areas of injury.
Short Wave Diathermy (SWD) – The term diathermy is heating or producing deep heating directly in the tissue of the body. The externally applied source of the heat can be wet hot towels, infrared lamps and electric heating pads often produces discomfort and slight skin burns long before adequate heat has penetrated to the deeper tissues. This technique is effective in relieving pain and also helps in reducing inflammation. It is excessively used in lower back pains, curing arthritis, brusitis, osteomylitis, and several others.
Maitland Mobilization – This concept basically uses passive and accessory mobilizations of the spine to treat pain and stiffness. There are grades which are seen in following treatment namely like Small movements of the spine performed within the spines resistance, larger movements of the spine but still performed within the spines resistance, large movements of the spine performed into the spines resistance, A small movement of the spine performed into the spines resistance, A high velocity movement performed into the spines resistance. This type of mobilization depends on the severity, nature and irritability of the spinal pain. This technique good for spinal injuries.
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