Slip disc is the non-medical term for herniated disc, which is also known as Ruptured disc, bulging disc, or prolapsed disc. It is referred to as slip disc because according to common people the pain is caused because the disc moves from it original position within the spine. Vertebral disc are flexible, rubbery cushions that supports the vertebral bones. They allow the spine to twist and bend. Each disc has a soft inner nucleus pulposus that is surrounded by fibrous outer wall. The core of the nucleus pulposus is made up of watery material (which consists of inflammatory proteins) and collagen fibers. A herniated disc occurs when a nucleus pushes through the outer wall. This herniation can result in a large bulge that can press against the nearby nerve roots which causes the symptoms of extreme pain, weakness and immobility in the spinal cord or an adjacent nerve.
Slip Disc causes
Slip Disk occurs due to sitting continuously for long hours and not exercising regularlyas well asimproper body movements due to sports activities or improper lifting of heavy goods. Slip Disc may also occur due to sudden accident which caused grave injuries and severe trauma. Inimical life conditions likeSmoking and Drinkingleads to Slip Disc problems. Obesity, Ageing, natural degeneration of in-vertebral disc are also few more reasons.
Symptoms for Slip Disc are extreme pain in a specific side of the body, pain in the legs, feeling of numbness and weakness when walking for a short distance only and acute pain while lifting something or bending.
Treatment for Slip Disc
Anti-inflammatory medicines like aspirin, celecoxib (Celebrex), Diclofenac (Cambia, Voltaren-XR etc.), Ibuprofen (e.g. Motrin, Advil), Indomethacin (Indocin) can be taken after Doctor’s consultation. Injections can be used to treat pains like Epidural steroid injections, Selective Nerve Root Blocks Injections, Facet Rhizotomy and Sacroiliac Joint Block injections. Sometimes Neurotic Drugs are also given to reduce pain Carbamazepine (Tegretol), Gabapentin etc.
Physiotherapy and Light Weight Exercise
Certain exercises recommended in physiotherapy which give relief to pain and inflammation and fix muscular imbalances. Exercises is used to avoid weakness of muscles and joint stiffness.
Change in Lifestyle
Obesity and aunhealthy lifestyle are two important factors that lead to slipped discs. If people stop dieting and take proper quantity of food, drinking water properly and avoid Smoking and Drinking will help patients to recover from slipped discs.
Massage helps in increasing the release of endorphins (the body’s natural painkillers) into the bloodstream, and also encourages blood flow, which helps in earlier healing. People should take massage from a certified massage therapist.
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